Smoking Facts

400,000 Americans die each year because they smoke cigarettes, making it the single most preventable cause of premature death in the US

1. Oral presentation by David Halpin. Perceived safety of nicotine replacement products among general practitioners in the UK: impact on utilisation. British Thoracic Society Winter meeting, 7–9 December 2005

2. Benowitz Nl. Summary: Risks and Benefits of nicotine. Nicotine Safety and Toxicity; p 185–195 NY: OUP

3. Hoffman and Hoffman. The Changing Cigarette, 1950–1995. Journal of Toxicity and Environmental Health 1997; 50: 307 – 64

4. Percival J. Clearing the air 2. Smoking and tobacco control - an updated guide for nurses. London: Royal College of Nursing 2002

5. Nicotine Misconceptions in UK Smoking. Research undertaken by TNS. August 2004

6. Action on Smoking and Health: the case for commissioning smoking cessation services, WHO Europe Partnership project and Smoke Free London, July 2001.